Cairo so you can Jerusalem, Damascus, Medina, and you may Mecca: 1326
“Regarding Gaza I visited the city out of Abraham [Hebron], the newest mosque from which are off elegant, but nice, build, towering and you will loft, and built out-of squared rocks. . . They claim you to Solomon demanded this new jinn to build it. “(Gibb, p. 55.)
Inside part, you will see a lot on Islam! Before you can learn about Ibn Battuta’s journey, you may want some record about the crucial prophets that he will state on the. Have you ever heard of Adam-and-eve and their sons Cain and you will Abel? Have you figured out in regards to the Prophet Muhammad? This type of and others could be delivered contained in this chapter.
Ibn Battuta remaining Cairo and you will oriented so you can Damascus, Syria along side Royal Roadway. Brand new Mamluk authorities organized caravans to create pilgrims and you can merchants together so it path. The Mamluks checked passports, taxed new resellers, and you will strictly monitored who was planning and out of their area.
Which an element of the Mamluk Kingdom was actually during the fierce fights which have Mongol Invaders. Out of 1260 with the very early 1300s, brand new Mamluk warriors was able to force the newest Mongol armies away regarding Damascus and you will north Syria, and you will left her or him off taking Egypt and you can Palestine. The fresh Mongols had taken over Baghdad and much of Abbasid Kingdom because of the 1258 trapping and you will destroying locations because they ran.
Brand new Mamluk armies secure the new empire and you may kept open the brand new trade routes in addition to pilgrimage pathways. Along one an element of the channel troops into horseback dragged carpeting or mats so you’re able to easy the brand new mud every night. Another early morning the soldiers sought out anybody who got leftover tunes throughout the sand, pursued him or her and penalized him or her honestly.
Damascus are instance an additional resource towards the Mamluk, a area you to Ibn Battuta simply needed to come across! Regarding Damascus he may apply to a beneficial Hajj caravan and over their trip to Mecca in complete safety. However, there were almost every other holy online incontri africani sites observe about region out-of their journey: Hebron, Jerusalem, Bethlehem, and! And you may a blast of pilgrims found such urban centers in protection of your own Mamluk Sultan.
This might be a map of Mamluk Empire additionally the Mongol Khanates in the year 1294. For folks who evaluate this towards map out of Ibn Battuta’s trips, you will observe one to once Ibn Battuta embarked towards the his trip inside the 1325, the newest Mamluks got forgotten territory with the Mongols. Mention the brand new moved on edging in neuro-scientific progressive-big date Iraq.
Hebron is a holy website to possess Muslims, Christians, and you can Jews because it’s new burial-place of your own “fathers” otherwise “patriarchs” out of monotheism (religion in one single Jesus): Abraham, Isaac, and you will Jacob. Close Hebron are also holy web sites, including the burial-place out of Package.
They state you to definitely Muhammad themselves went along to it holy website (also Bethlehem) in order to pray towards his Evening Travels, deciding to make the internet sites much more holy and you will worth pilgrimage.
Are you aware of from the Abraham?
“Off Gaza I visited the city from Abraham [Hebron], new mosque where is of female, but large, design, imposing and loft, and built off squared rocks. . . They state that Solomon required the latest jinn to create it. ” [Gibb, p. 55.]
With it is the sacred cave that features the new graves of Abraham, Isaac, and you can Jacob, contrary being around three graves, which happen to be the ones from their wives
He then found its way to Jerusalem which was a tremendously small-town during the time, having a people out-of no more than ten,100000. “Their defensive structure was basically when you look at the spoils, part of the water-supply needed to be earned. therefore try found on nothing of your important change routes. ” [Dunn, p. 56.] Yet, for its crucial shrines and sanctuaries, it actually was a fundamental piece of Ibn Battuta’s pilgrimage: “Goodness ennoble [Jerusalem] – 3rd in the brilliance following several sacred Mosques [out-of Mecca and you will Medina] and also the place of ascension of Apostle from God [Muhammed] – God bless him and provide your serenity – whence he had been caught up to your heaven.”[Gibb, p. 77.] Here he went along to new Sacred Al-Aqsa Mosque and Dome of the Material. New gold-domed Al-Aqsa Mosque try manufactured in 691 all over from the Dome out of the new Stone.