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Which definition generalises the brand new casual idea sketched in the example of Suzy and BillyWhich definition generalises the brand new casual idea sketched in the example of Suzy and Billy

Which definition generalises the brand new casual idea sketched in the example of Suzy and Billy

is an active causal route because when we hold BH fixed at its actual value (Billys rock doesnt hit the bottle), BS counterfactually depends on ST. By contrast, the route is not active because when we hold SH fixed at its actual value (Suzys rock does hit the bottle), BS does not counterfactually depend on BT.

With regards to the notion of a working causal route, Hitchcock defines genuine or token causation from the pursuing the terms:

(10) If c and e are distinct actual events and X and Z are binary variables whose values represent the occurrence and non-occurrence of these events, then c is a cause of e if and only if there is an active causal route from X to Z in an appropriate causal model .

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