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GABRIELE CACCIA, Permanent Observer for the Holy Get a hold of, noted that, in today’s logic, work is not for the human person, but the human person is for work. In this “throwaway culture”, middle-aged and older persons – assumed to have lower learning ability and productive capacities compared to other age groups – face unjust discrimination. The situation is not much easier for young people, and the constant search for new ways to cut labour costs without adequate concern often results in inadequate wages, long hours and insecure contracts that lack social-protection benefits, especially for unemployment, maternity, disability and illness. Pregnancy and motherhood remain a source of disadvantage at work or even a reason for women to be dismissed or not hired at all, he said, stressing that no woman should ever be forced to choose between family and work. Policies and programmes designed to stimulate employment and economic growth must always respect and promote the fundamental rights of workers, including the right to a just wage, the right to rest and safe working environments.
DIEGO PARY RODRIGUEZ (Bolivia), aligning himself with the Group of 77 and China, the Group of Friends of Older Persons and the United Nations LGBTI+ Core Group, stressed the need to put people – especially the most vulnerable – at the centre of the international community’s efforts. Spotlighting his Government’s efforts in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, he noted that it implemented an ambitious vaccination and health-care plan and reconstructed its economy by focusing on import substitution and industrialization. On achieving Sustainable Development Goal 8, it has enacted three programmes which promoted the economic rejuvenation of small and medium-sized enterprises; supported youth on their needs; and provided access to credit in order to encourage national industries, job creation and investment in those enterprises. Among other things, he encouraged the Commission to strengthen young people’s economic participation; facilitate credit with a gender perspective; promote women’s labour market participation by closing the employment and leadership gap between men and women; ensure ongoing training programmes in line with existing demands; address the current digital gap; guarantee better opportunities to access jobs; and work with many stakeholders to creative inclusive employment opportunities. He also reiterated the importance of South-South, international, regional and subregional cooperation in that regard.
Kazakhstan likewise has enhanced expenditures for the education and youngsters a position, along with a different sort of checking account install for the kids till the age of 18, funded of the nation’s petroleum earnings
AKAN RAKHMETULLIN (Kazakhstan), highlighting the multiple crises faced by vulnerable countries – including the economic downturn, pandemic and climate change – have reversed progress made towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Against this backdrop, he outlined measures undertaken by his country, including, amid the pandemic, monthly income payments, deferred bank loans for vulnerable persons and the setting up of social centres to support low-income families. Further, Kazakhstan has revised its 2025 development plan to tackle unemployment, including a $10 billion package for a national project to stimulate employment and subsidize mortgage programmes, among other measures. For the elderly, he said his country has in place an active longevity plan to maximize the employment of older people, and has increased coverage for health check-ups, putting them ninth out of 29 countries assessed on the Active Aging Index.
RIO HADA, Office of one’s Un High Commissioner having Individual Liberties (OHCHR) observed that due to the pandemic, more than 350 million jobs have been lost – while pre-existing gaps in social protection and inadequate benefits have contributed to exacerbating deep-seated inequalities, with informal workers, most of them women, often excluded from protection. Women play a critical role in the economy and their contributions are often either not recognized or ignored with the global gender pay gap estimated to be about 23 per cent. While the fiscal space of developing countries is shrinking, he said that this is not the time for socially painful and potentially self-defeating fiscal austerity, which, as history shows, is a recipe for social breakdown and conflict. He advocated for a human-rights-enhancing economy that seeks to redress root causes and structural barriers to equality, justice and sustainability, by prioritizing investment in economic, social and cultural rights.